More

What are the pros and cons of running on a windows server vs. a linux server?

What are the pros and cons of running on a windows server vs. a linux server?


We're in the process of trying to decide where to host our GeoServer installation in production.

Are there any major pros or cons of hosting on windows vs. linux?


I would say this all boils down to what you have expertise in setting up and supporting. Since it runs in the application server of your choice there shouldn't be any difference with the app itself.


Personally I'd go with Linux over Windows for a server, some of that is experience on my part. But it is also things like being able to ssh to the Linux box from home to do late night reboots, log file checks etc.

I also find that Linux boxes are more stable than Windows boxes (no annoyingly "urgent" reboots for updates etc).


Ideally, there is no difference. The hosting platform is just that, a platform. You expect it to be nice and sturdy, hold up your application, and not interfere.

Of course if you application requires Windows or Linux then the choice is easy, but that's not your question.

Are you going to be managing your own host? Do you have a personal preference? The Windows Server, Linux server, and Java platforms are all mature enough now that I do not think there are any compelling technical reasons to select one over the other.


It really makes little difference and totally depends on your level of expertise in managing the different systems. If you dont know linux then there will be a steep learning curve over windows. Management of a standalone Windows Server is not that much different to managing a win7 machine, but if you want a domain, that is a different story.

We opted for windows servers (2008 Enterprise) and we turned off auto installation of updates. we use Rdp to manage the servers and you can easily run php apps on IIS as well. The PHP install is a no brainer nowadays. We are extremly happy with the setup and we have people involved in the management of the servers who needed only a small amount of training to get up to speed.


Getting MSDN PeerChannel &ldquoSecureChat&rdquo running on Windows Server 2008 R2

I can only get this SDK sample of PeerChannel SecureChat to work in the following scenarios in a basic home network:

I cannot get this to work between my Windows Server 2008 R2 and any other machine (no exceptions are thrown, but the nodes never find each other and thus don't go "online"). I CAN ping the IPv6 addresses among all machines. The executable has a firewall exception rule, but I have also tried disabling the Windows 2008 firewall completely. The PRNP Service is running.

Is it possible to get it working? How?

Does it work on YOUR 2008 machine?

My best guess: I notice that in the Windows 7 machines, the "Peer Networking Grouping" and "Peer Networking Identity Manager" services are present. The "Peer Networking Grouping" service's description there and online talks specifically about enabling multi-party conversations, but related to Home Groups. This service is missing in the Windows Server machine.

So, I suspect the missing service as the reason that the SecureChat sample won't work on the Windows Server machine, but I don't understand why Microsoft would lock out Peer Channel from working on the Server product. Could this be the reason?


What are the Pros and Cons of Windows 95?

No one will object that one of the major events in the PC world in 1995 is the deployment of Windows 95. Is it really as fascinating and powerful as it was advertised? In this article, the pros and cons of Windows 95 will be investigated. Though the coverage may not be complete, interested readers may use this as a reference in deciding whether they should convert to Windows 95.

What is Windows 95?

The minimum configuration for running Windows 95 is a PC with 386 or better CPU, 4MB RAM and VGA monitor. However, for acceptable performance, a 486DX2-66 with 8MB RAM and a Super VGA monitor is recommended.

Some of the benefits and deficiencies of using Windows 95 will be discussed in the sections followed. For more information on Windows 95, refer to the FAQs and various articles and journals. Most of them are available from the Internet.

Advantages of Windows 95

  • Provide better system responsiveness and smoother background processing since it is a 32-bit protected mode operating system. It allows pre-emptive multitasking and multithreading support for Win32 applications.
  • Protect the user's current investments. Other than Win32 applications, most Windows 3.x applications and DOS applications run on it with faster speed and improved system stability.
  • Provide a newly redesigned graphical interface that is not only easier to learn and use, but more efficient and more customizable.
  • Improve user friendliness as it allows longer filename support (up to 255 characters). MS-DOS 8.3 filenames are still maintained and tracked by Windows 95 for compatibility with existing Win16 and MS-DOS based applications.
  • Provide more efficient file and print support with faster disk/file access and printing.
  • Simplify the switching among multiple programs by means of the task bar and lets the user launch applications and open documents more easily.
  • Enhance multimedia support with built-in support for sound, midi, fast CD-ROMs and digital video playback.
  • Support better network connectivity with simpler and enhanced network support for NetWare, Windows NT Server, Internet and most major network standards.
  • Reduce time spent on technical problems and simplify systems management since Windows 95 renders Plug and Play support. Plug and Play-compatible devices can be detected and configured automatically. Users are free from the trouble of manual hardware setup and there is no need to worry about IRQs, DMAs and I/O port addresses when a new component is added to the system.

Disadvantages of Windows 95

  • Items dragging and dropping works on most folders except the Control Panel, Printers, or Dial-Up Networking folders. This inconsistency in the interface may confuse some users.
  • Cannot pre-emptively multitask Win16 applications because it uses the same System Virtual Machine (VM) model as in Windows 3.1 to run Win16 applications. Thus, Windows 95 will revert to a cooperative multitasking environment when running Win16 applications and give them exclusive control of the CPU for as long as the applications are executing. As a result, true pre-emptive operation is impossible when multitasking a mixture of Win16 and Win32 applications.
  • System protection against buggy applications is weak as compared to other 32-bit OS such as Windows NT and OS/2 Warp. Due to the reason stated above, if a Win16 program hangs, it can tie up critical 16-bit code modules located in the System VM and halt all other processes. To recover from this kind of system crash, the user has to reboot the PC.
  • There is a security hole with File and Printer sharing for NetWare networks which may affect data security for corporate users. If a Windows 95 user configures his machine to share files and printers with other users on the network using File and Printer Sharing for NetWare networks, and he enables remote administration or install Microsoft Remote Registry Services, it is possible for another user on the network to gain read-only access to his machine. At the moment when the evaluation was done, Microsoft has already issued an updated driver for File and Printer Sharing for NetWare Networks to fix this bug.
  • Windows 95 uses an easily cracked 32-bit key to store the passwords in the PWL file. Again, while the evaluation was under way, Microsoft has released an updated and enhanced security component which uses a 128-bit key and includes enhancements to the way passwords are stored in the PWL file.

Conclusion

In conclusion, despite its deficiencies, Windows 95 is still an excellent choice for today's desktop operating system. Its improvements on various areas over Windows 3.x and the additional new features make it a flexible, powerful and robust operating system. With Windows 95, a user can certainly unlock the potential of a computer.


What are the pros and cons of running on a windows server vs. a linux server? - Geographic Information Systems

Home lab VM setups are helpful to test technology and build VM management skills. Be sure to evaluate RAM, CPU, network speeds .

Multistage builds help you manage Dockerfile size during container proliferation. Get the process right with the necessary .

Nested VMs make it easy to expand VM capacity without additional hardware. Take a look at the process to avoid any major issues .

IT teams need visibility into their cloud environments. If your team wants more than its cloud providers offers, see if an open .

Don't know your Neptune from your Front Door? Check what AWS, Microsoft and Google call their myriad cloud services. And yes, .

Review five popular design patterns for cloud application development and how they solve a range of common challenges that IT .

Good database design is a must to meet processing needs in SQL Server systems. In a webinar, consultant Koen Verbeeck offered .

SQL Server databases can be moved to the Azure cloud in several different ways. Here's what you'll get from each of the options .

In this book excerpt, you'll learn LEFT OUTER JOIN vs. RIGHT OUTER JOIN techniques and find various examples for creating SQL .

Microsoft recently unveiled Windows 11, but its consumer-focused presentation left IT pros with questions about hardware .

Microsoft 365 has different licensing plans for all kinds of businesses. Learn about the different subscription plans that .

When an organization migrates its email servers and profiles to Microsoft 365, it could use several different processes. Sort .

Azure Virtual Desktop will let people use their Azure Active Directory credentials to sign in to any device. Microsoft plans more.

WVD brings distinct advantages to the table, with a few caveats. Find out how WVD stacks up compared to the market.

Organizations that want to deploy WVD and Azure should go beyond Microsoft's estimates for pricing and learn the total cost of .


What are the pros and cons of running on a windows server vs. a linux server? - Geographic Information Systems

Home lab VM setups are helpful to test technology and build VM management skills. Be sure to evaluate RAM, CPU, network speeds .

Multistage builds help you manage Dockerfile size during container proliferation. Get the process right with the necessary .

Nested VMs make it easy to expand VM capacity without additional hardware. Take a look at the process to avoid any major issues .

IT teams need visibility into their cloud environments. If your team wants more than its cloud providers offers, see if an open .

Don't know your Neptune from your Front Door? Check what AWS, Microsoft and Google call their myriad cloud services. And yes, .

Review five popular design patterns for cloud application development and how they solve a range of common challenges that IT .

Good database design is a must to meet processing needs in SQL Server systems. In a webinar, consultant Koen Verbeeck offered .

SQL Server databases can be moved to the Azure cloud in several different ways. Here's what you'll get from each of the options .

In this book excerpt, you'll learn LEFT OUTER JOIN vs. RIGHT OUTER JOIN techniques and find various examples for creating SQL .

Microsoft recently unveiled Windows 11, but its consumer-focused presentation left IT pros with questions about hardware .

Microsoft 365 has different licensing plans for all kinds of businesses. Learn about the different subscription plans that .

When an organization migrates its email servers and profiles to Microsoft 365, it could use several different processes. Sort .

Azure Virtual Desktop will let people use their Azure Active Directory credentials to sign in to any device. Microsoft plans more.

WVD brings distinct advantages to the table, with a few caveats. Find out how WVD stacks up compared to the market.

Organizations that want to deploy WVD and Azure should go beyond Microsoft's estimates for pricing and learn the total cost of .


MBR (Master Boot Record) and GPT (Guide Partition Table) are two different styles that help the system to manage your disk partitions. MBR is a disk partition standard began operating in 1983 and is still functional today. MBR disk has good compatibility and it is compatible in most operating systems.

The MBR format disk has some limitations. It is only capable of handling disks of up to 2TB and supports only 4 primary partitions. However, on GPT disk, you can have more than four primary partitions on each disk, which can be up to 128 partitions.


Biggest difference - WAMP runs on Windows, XAMPP is multi-platform. Aside from that it's a matter of personal preference. They both provide you with an Apache-MySQL-PHP environment that runs pretty much the same under both systems.

XAMPP is NOT cross-platform. There is XAMPP for Windows, XAMPP for Linux, for Mac and for Solaris, but each pack contains different pieces of software, runs differently with different performance, etc. (cross-platform means that you take the exact same piece of software and it runs the same way on different platforms . like Azureus used to be: a jar that you could use the same way)

XAMPP for Windows is bloated, big time. You have mail server, FTP server, accelerator, web-dav, SSL out of the box, etc. Do you really need them all? It's not exactly an entry-level package, but in general it makes installation of everything much easier. Beyond that, any customization requires the same effort as for any other pre-made stack. But if you install on your own box, you probably don't need FTP server, do you?

WAMP is lighter (mostly the basics). Everything that's AMP is there, beyond that you have a couple of tools, phpMyAdmin, SQLite, and xdebug. Do you need SSL? You have to configure it. You want access to mail server? Must install it yourself. FTP? Ditto.

WAMP (like the name says) runs only on Windows (either 64/32-bit).

For a local machine on Windows, WAMP is the way to go. Light, smooth and post-install configuration takes a click. XAMPP for Windows isn't much of a competitor due to issues on 64-bit installation (naturally: more bloatware to install, and you need to manage each piece of extra software between 32/64-bit).


Jump boxes vs. firewalls

Rick Vanover discusses the pros and cons of using jump boxes vs. firewalls to protect and isolate critical systems and provide the best security.

When it comes to protecting a system that is critical, sometimes establishing a security zone needs additional configuration to make it function correctly. Two practices that are commonly used are to establish internal firewalls and stand up a jump box. A jump box is simply a system, usually a single operating system, that is connected to two networks. The first of these networks is the common network and the second is the sensitive security zone.

Jump boxes are usually used for a system tool that needs to connect directly to the devices on the security zone in question. A common example is a Windows system that is on the public network and a storage management network. The storage management network is the only network that has access to the storage area network (SAN) management interface. Frequently, storage systems are managed through tools that get security people uneasy. On the other hand, dual-homing systems is not a good practice either.

When a jump box is used, its hidden benefit is that any tools in place for the SAN system are maintained on that single system. Therefore, when an update to the SAN management software is available, only a single system requires the update. Beyond SAN management systems, this practice is done occasionally in virtualization circles. The VMware vCenter Server Windows system in particular is occasionally used in a jump box configuration.

In today's world, is a firewall or a jump box the better option ? From an application side, the single system running the SAN management software (or vSphere Client) appeals for a few reasons. Primarily, there would be no systems (presumably laptops) with access to these tools and possibly this security zone that could come up missing. Secondly, the limited update footprint is attractive for any version-critical application.

From the security side, the jump box becomes a target, and in theory, would be easier to compromise than a true firewall. Even if a software firewall was running on the jump box system, I'm sure someone would knock that approach.


Should You Trust VPNs That Use Virtual Servers?

If the VPN provider is a reputable one that offers tight security and a guaranteed no-logs policy, then yes, you should trust it to use its virtual servers. We’ve already mentioned ExpressVPN as a company that’s open about its use of virtual servers. It’s one of the most secure VPNs out there, so there’s absolutely no reason to believe its virtual servers are unsafe.

Likewise, many other reputable VPN companies, like CyberGhost and Surfshark, also supplement server networks with fake servers, and both are super secure, as you can see in our CyberGhost review and Surfshark review.

Is It Safe to Use a VPN Virtual Server?

For the most part, using a virtual server is safe. In fact, many of the most secure VPNs use them. It only becomes a security risk when the provider isn’t transparent about fake locations. In this case, you can connect to a country you deem safe only to find out that the company routes your traffic through a different jurisdiction that isn’t ideal.

However, if the provider is open and honest about using virtual servers, there is no need to worry. If the VPN tells you where its physical servers are located, you’ll know which virtual servers you can connect to and still stay safe. Even better, if you are a human rights activist or journalist in high-risk areas, you’ll know which servers to connect to for increased privacy.


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Position: Columnist

Ariel is an enthusiastic IT columnist focusing on partition management, data recovery, and Windows issues. She has helped users fix various problems like PS4 corrupted disk, unexpected store exception error, the green screen of death error, etc. If you are searching for methods to optimize your storage device and restore lost data from different storage devices, then Ariel can provide reliable solutions for these issues.


Watch the video: Windows und Linux - Was sind die größten Unterschiede der beiden Betriebssysteme